December 2023

Sex-related Differences in Patient Characteristics, and Efficacy and Safety of Advanced Therapies in Randomised Clinical Trials in Psoriatic Arthritis: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis

Lancet Rheumatol 2023;5:e716–27

In this study, Eder, et al. performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of RCTs to assess information on participants’ characteristics and rates of American College of Rheumatology response and minimal disease activity by sex. The authors found that the biological sex of patients with PsA influences their response to advanced therapies, but the effect varies by drug class.

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Malignancy in the Upadacitinib Clinical Trials for Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, and Non-radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis

Rheumatol Ther 2023;11(1):97–112 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00621-6

Rates of malignancy were similar between upadacitinib, adalimumab, and MTX. They were also consistent across RA, PsA, AS and nr-axSpA. A dose-dependent increased rate of NMSC was observed with upadacitinib in RA. For RA and PsA, being older (≥65 years) and male was associated with
an increased risk of malignancy excluding NMSC.

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November 2023

Global, Regional, and National Burden of Other Musculoskeletal Disorders, 1990–2020, and Projections to 2050: A Systematic Analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2021

Lancet Rheumatol 2023;5:e670–82 doi 10.1016/S2665-9913(23)00232-1

As part of the GBD 2021, the authors provide updated estimates for the global burden of musculoskeletal disorders, excluding RA, osteoarthritis, low back pain, neck pain, and gout. In 2020, the total years lived with disability globally was estimated to be 42.7 million, which was a 122% increase from 1990. Over the same time period, mortality increased by 199%. The study forecasts an increase in cases by 2050 in all regions, with the exception of Central Europe.

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Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated with Conventional Synthetic, Biologic and Targeted Synthetic Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Drugs: Observational Data from the German RABBIT Register

RMD Open 2023;9:e003489 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003489

This study by Meissner, et al. estimated the effects of JAKi, TNFi, bDMARDs and csDMARDs on the risk of MACE in RA patients. The authors found no significant difference in MACE risk by treatment group, even among patients at increased CV risk.

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Effects of 1-year Tofacitinib Therapy on Angiogenic Biomarkers in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023; 62(SI3):SI304–SI312 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead502

This study by Kerekes, et al. investigated the relationship between tofacitinib therapy, angiogenic biomarker levels, and vascular inflammation and function in RA patients. The authors found that tofacitinib treatment reduced the production of bFGF, PlGF and IL-6, which may inhibit synovial and aortic inflammation.

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Therapy with JAK Inhibitors or bDMARDs and the Risk of Cardiovascular Events in the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Population

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead531 Epub ahead of print

This retrospective inception cohort study investigated RA patients starting a new bDMARD or JAKi prescription between 01 August 2018 and 31 January 2022 from IQVIA’s Dutch Real-World Data Longitudinal Prescription database.

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Tofacitinib Efficacy and Safety in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis by Prior Biologic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug Use: A Post Hoc Analysis

ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023;5(12)632–643 doi 10.1002/acr2.11601

In this post hoc analysis by Deoodhar, et al., the authors found that tofacitinib demonstrated greater efficacy than placebo in bDMARD-naïve and TNFi-IR AS patients. They also found that safety event rates for tofacitinib therapy were numerically higher in the TNFi-IR subgroup than the bDMARD-naïve subgroup.

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Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Disorders on Biologics and Small Molecules: Network Meta-Analysis

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 Oct 9:S1542-3565(23)00767-X doi 10.1016/j.cgh.2023.09.033 Epub ahead of print

The results of this study show that anti-IL-12/23, JAK inhibitors, and anti-TNF-α were associated with slightly higher risk of MACE compared with placebo. The risk was no different between biologic treatments, and the magnitude of risk did not differ between IMID type.

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Bimekizumab Treatment in Patients With Active Axial Spondyloarthritis: 52-week Efficacy and Safety from the Randomised Parallel Phase 3 BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2 Studies

Ann Rheum Dis. 2023;83(2):199–213 doi 10.1136/ard-2023-224803

Baraliakos, et al. present data from two Phase 3 studies, BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2, that investigated the clinical efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in axSpA patients. They found that bimekizumab had sustained and consistent efficacy in patients with nr-axSpA and r-axSpA.

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Gender-specific Differences in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis Receiving Ustekinumab or Tumour Necrosis Factor Inhibitor: Real-world Data

Rheumatology (Oxford) doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kead089.

Real-world data from the PsABio study indicated that females with PsA had more severe disease than males before the initiation of treatment. While both genders experienced treatment related improvements, fewer females than males were able to achieve a favourable disease state within 12 months. Treatment discontinuation and switching were also higher in females than males, due to lower efficacy and adverse events.      

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