October 2023

Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis Refractory to Biologic Therapy: 1-year Results From the Open-label Extension of a Phase III Study

Arthritis Res Ther 2023; 2023;18;25(1):172 doi 10.1186/s13075-023-03128-1

The efficacy and safety of updacitinib in bDMARD-IR patients with AS were sustained through to one year in an open-label extension of the SELECT-AXIS 2 study.

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September 2023

Cardiovascular Safety of Janus Kinase Inhibitors in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

Front Pharmacol. 2023; 8(14):1237234 doi 10.3389/fphar.2023.1237234

This meta-analysis by Wei, et al. found that JAKi therapy was not associated with a higher risk of MACE than treatment with adalimumab, abatacept, or placebo. However, a higher incidence of all-cause mortality was observed with tofacitinib treatment than with adalimumab treatment.

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Differential Properties of Janus Kinase Inhibitors in the Treatment of Immune-mediated Inflammatory Diseases

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023;63(2):298–308 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead448

JAKis differ in structure, which affects their inhibitory concentration for different JAKs.

This review by Taylor, et al. compares the pharmacological profiles of JAKis, including abrocitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, peficitinib, tofacitinib, and upadacitinib.

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Relative Remission and Low Disease Activity Rates of Tofacitinib, Baricitinib, Upadacitinib, and Filgotinib versus Methotrexate in Patients with Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug-Naive Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pharmacology 2023;108(6):589–598 doi 10.1159/000527186

The results of a Bayesian network meta-analysis by Lee and Song showed that JAK inhibitors were more likely to achieve remission and LDA in DMARD-naive RA patients than MTX. However, there were no significant differences in remission rates nor LDA rates between the JAK inhibitors investigated.

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One-Year Medication Adherence and Persistence in Rheumatoid Arthritis in Clinical Practice: A Retrospective Analysis of Upadacitinib, Adalimumab, Baricitinib, and Tofacitinib

Adv Ther. 2023;40(10):4493–4503 doi 10.1007/s12325-023-02619-6

This study by Bergman, et al. showed that RA patients are significantly more likely to adhere to upadacitinib within the first 12 months of prescription versus adalimumab, baricitinib, and tofacitinib. There was also a significantly lower risk of discontinuation for upadacitinib versus the other treatment prescriptions.

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The Risk and Predictors of Malignancies in Ankylosing Spondylitis Patients in Israel—A Retrospective Electronic Data-Based Study

J Clin Med. 2023;12(15):5153 doi: 10.3390/jcm12155153

Findings from a retrospective electronic data-based study, assessing risk of overall and site-specific malignancies for AS patients in Israel, emphasize the importance of maintaining the routine observation of patients with AS to identify the early development of cancer.

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Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Ixekizumab in Patients with Axial Spondyloarthritis: 3-year Data from the COAST Program

J Rheumatol. 2023;50(8):1020–1028 doi: 10.3899/jrheum.221022

Three-year data from the ixekizumab (IXE) COAST programme provide additional evidence that patients with axSpA receiving IXE experience long-term safety, and sustained improvements in efficacy outcomes, at 3 years.

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Guselkumab Modulates Differentially Expressed Genes in Blood of Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: Results from Two Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trials

ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1002/acr2.11589

Whole blood transcriptome profiling reveals differential gene expression in patients with active PsA from the DISCOVER-1 and DISCOVER-2 clinical studies in comparison with healthy controls.

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