Goldman, et al. conducted a pharmacovigilance study to evaluate the cardiovascular safety of JAK inhibitors in RA patients. The study demonstrated an increase in the reporting of VTE, stroke, and ischemic heart disease in patients treated with JAK inhibitor compared to bDMARDs, especially within the first year of treatment. This suggests a class effect of JAK inhibitors on cardiovascular risk, emphasising the need for ongoing surveillance and proactive cardiovascular risk management.

Burmester, et al. found that long-term filgotinib exposure was well tolerated in patients with moderate-to-severe active RA, with a stable rate of TEAEs over time. However, potential dose-dependent relationships for herpes zoster infections, malignancies and all-cause mortality were observed in patients aged ≥65 years, indicating the potential impact of age on the safety profile of Filgotinib. Therefore, some patients aged ≥65 years may benefit from the filgotinib 100 mg dose option.

Kwatra et al. found that risankizumab significantly improves clinical signs and symptoms of enthesitis and/or dactylitis in PsA patients, with substantial and sustained efficacy observed up to 52 weeks. Furthermore, these improvements were met by meaningful gains in patient reported outcomes.

Effect of bimekizumab on patient-reported disease impact in patients with psoriatic arthritis: 1-Year results from two Phase 3 studies

Journal Reference: Rheumatology 2024 Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keae277

Compared with placebo, bimekizumab-treated patients displayed a rapid clinically meaningful improvement in PsAID-12 scores at Week 4, which continued to Week 16 and was sustained to 1 year. Gossec et al. assessed 1-year bimekizumab efficacy from the patient perspective using the PsAID-12 questionnaire in bDMARD-naïve (BE OPTIMAL) and TNFi-IR (BE COMPLETE) patients with active PsA.

FitzGerald, et al. found that Deucravacitinib significantly impacted biomarkers associated with TYK2 signalling pathways of key inflammatory cytokines, including IL-23 and Type I IFN, and those related to collagen matrix turnover.

Subcutaneous risankizumab maintenance therapy results in durable improvement in clinical and endoscopic outcomes over one year in patients with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease. Endpoint achievement tended to be achieved in a higher proportion of patients treated with 360mg risankizumab than 160mg risankizumab, and both doses were higher when compared to placebo.

Long-term SC maintenance therapy of q8w and q12w ustekinumab in patients who responded to IV ustekinumab induction was safe and effective at maintaining symptomatic remission. Investigators aimed to present the final efficacy and safety results of the UNIFI LTE study through 4 years.

May 2024

Shu, et al. identified 37 preferred terms as unexpected AEs following risankizumab treatment, and found 48 AEs with an increased risk of risankizumab-induced AE severity. They also identified that risankizumab signal strengths were significantly higher in eight system organ classes.

Crude gastrointestinal perforation (GIP) incidence rate was higher for the JAKi group compared with those receiving adalimumab, however rates of GIP did not differ between JAKi and adalimumab groups in the weighted and adjusted model. Hoisnard et al compared the risk of GIP in patients initiating treatment with JAKis or adalimumab among real-world patients with rheumatic disease.

Results of this analysis by Hernández-Cruz, et al. show that infections, herpes zoster and gastrointestinal AEs in patients with RA tended to be more frequent with JAKi treatment versus TNFi. They also found that treatment persistence was similar with JAKi and TNFi in patients with RA and axSpA, and only slightly higher for TNFi in patients with PsA.