Comparative Risk of Incident and Recurrent Acute Anterior Uveitis across Different Biological Agents in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis
DOI 10.1093/rheumatology/keae003 Epub ahead of print
Kwon, et al. found that adalimumab exposure significantly reduced risk of incident and recurrent acute anterior uveitis (AAU) versus etanercept exposure and bDMARD non-exposure. Furthermore, exposure to etanercept significantly increased risk of incident and recurrent AAU versus bDMARD non-exposure.
Musculoskeletal Care 2023 doi 10.1002/msc.1853 Epub ahead of print
This study by Sunmboye, et al. investigated the relationship between CV event incidence and age in a multi-ethnic population that received JAK inhibitor therapy. They concluded that JAK inhibitor therapy was generally safe in a multi-ethnic population with a large age range, but they did find a statistically significant but numerically small positive correlation between age and CV incidence
Efficacy of Pharmacological Interventions: A Systematic Review Informing the 2023 EULAR Recommendations for the Management of Fatigue in People with Inflammatory Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases
RMD Open 2023;9(4):e003349 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003349
Adalimumab demonstrated superiority over placebo in reducing fatigue in RA at 12 and 52 weeks. Other interventions, which included golimumab, baricitinib, sarilumab, tocilizumab, and tofacitinib, also proved effective in reducing fatigue in patients with RA. Secukinumab also reduced fatigue by Week 52 in patients with SpA.
Implementation of Regulatory Guidance for JAK Inhibitors Use in Patients with Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases: An International Appropriateness Study
Autoimmun Rev. 2023;23(3):103504 doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2023.103504 Epub ahead of print
In this two-round modified RAM study by Solitano, et al., the authors found that experts preferred to assess JAK inhibitor risk on a case-by-case basis across all specialties. Uncertainty remained on several clinical scenarios regarding the appropriate use of JAK inhibitors, however they remain an important therapy option for the treatment of IMIDs and were deemed appropriate for patients with moderate risk profiles.
Drug Survival, Effectiveness and Safety of Ixekizumab for Moderate-to-severe Psoriasis up to 5 Years
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2023 doi 10.1111/jdv.19682 Epub ahead of print
This monocentric, retrospective clinical study by Mastorino, et al. found that ixekizumab demonstrated efficacy an safety in patients with PsA and PsO for up to five years. Being a super-responder was significantly associated with a lower rate of discontinuation, while high BMI was associated with a lower achievement of more than one PSAI measure up to Week 104.
Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Bimekizumab in Axial Spondyloarthritis: A Systematic Literature Review and Network Meta-analysis
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2023 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kead598 Epub ahead of print
This systematic literature review and network meta-analysis provides evidence for bimekizumab being an efficacious option in the management of both b/tsDMARD-naïve and experienced patients across the axSpA spectrum, with similar safety and tolerability to existing treatments.
Real-world Comparative Study of the Efficacy of Janus Kinase Inhibitors in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: The ANSWER Cohort Study
Rheumatology 2023 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead543
This multicentre, retrospective study by Hayashi, et al. found no significant differences in efficacy and safety between tofacitinib, baricitinib, peficitinib and upadacitinib in patients with RA. Predictive factors for resistance to LDA achievement included baseline CRP and CDAI for tofacitinib and baseline glucocorticoid dose, baseline CDAI and number of previous b/tsDMARDs for baricitinib.
MACE and VTE across Upadacitinib Clinical Trial Programmes in Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis
RMD Open 2023; 9(4):e003392 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003392
Rates of MACE and VTE events in patients with RA or PsA treated are consistent across 15 mg and 30 mg doses of upadacitinib, and comparable with active comparators adalimumab and MTX. Several risk factors were also identified for MACE and VTE events in patients with RA.
Sex-related Differences in Patient Characteristics, and Efficacy and Safety of Advanced Therapies in Randomised Clinical Trials in Psoriatic Arthritis: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis
Lancet Rheumatol 2023;5:e716–27
In this study, Eder, et al. performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of RCTs to assess information on participants’ characteristics and rates of American College of Rheumatology response and minimal disease activity by sex. The authors found that the biological sex of patients with PsA influences their response to advanced therapies, but the effect varies by drug class.
Tofacitinib Efficacy and Safety in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis by Prior Biologic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug Use: A Post Hoc Analysis
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023;5(12)632–643 doi 10.1002/acr2.11601
In this post hoc analysis by Deoodhar, et al., the authors found that tofacitinib demonstrated greater efficacy than placebo in bDMARD-naïve and TNFi-IR AS patients. They also found that safety event rates for tofacitinib therapy were numerically higher in the TNFi-IR subgroup than the bDMARD-naïve subgroup.