Modulation of IL-23 Signalling with Guselkumab in Biologic-Naïve Patients Versus TNF Inhibitor-Inadequate Responders with Active Psoriatic Arthritis
Arthritis Rheumatol 2024 doi 10.1002/art.42803 Epub ahead of print
Guselkumab treatment exhibited generally comparable and significant pharmacodynamic effects on IL-23/Th17–associated cytokines across participants with PsA who are biologic-naïve or have TNFi-IR. In coming to this conclusion, investigators assessed and compared immunologic differences and associations with clinical response to guselkumab in participants with active PsA who were biologic-naïve or TNFi-IR.
Effects of Secukinumab on Synovitis and Enthesitis in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: 52-week Clinical and Ultrasound Results from the Randomised, Double-blind ULTIMATE Trial with Open Label Extension
Semin Arthritis Rheum 2023;63:152259
This Phase 3 RCT by D’Agostino, et al. assessed the long-term effect of secukinumab to placebo at tissue level on synovitis and enthesitis, and across all PsA manifestations. They found consistent improvements in clinically and ultrasound-assessed synovitis and enthesitis.
Baricitinib Improves Bone Properties and Biomechanics in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis – Results of the Prospective Interventional BARE BONE Trial
Arthritis Rheumatol. 2023 doi 10.1002/art.42617 Epub ahead of print
The results from Simon, et al. show that baricitinib treatment correlates with improvements in bone stiffness. Further improvements were also observed at the end of Week 52, with an increase in estimated failure load and no measurable progression in bone erosion being reported.
Enthesitis in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis Treated with Secukinumab or Adalimumab: a post hoc Analysis of the EXCEED Study
Rheumatology (Oxford).2023;kead181. doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead181.
Results from the 52-week phase 3 EXCEED study showed that secukinumab and adalimumab both display similar efficacy in time to resolution of enthesitis, in patients with PsA, irrespective of baseline enthesitis severity and individual site distribution.
Guselkumab, a Selective Interleukin-23 p19 Subunit Inhibitor, Resolves Dactylitis in Patients With Active Psoriatic Arthritis: Pooled Results Through Week 52 From Two Phase 3 Studies
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023;5(4):227–240 doi 10.1002/acr2.11537
Post hoc analysis of guselkumab, Phase 3 DISCOVER-1 and -2 studies finds that 75% of guselkumab-randomised patients have complete resolution of dactylitis through one year.
Response to secukinumab on synovitis using Power Doppler ultrasound in psoriatic arthritis: 12-week results from a phase III study, ULTIMATE
D'Agostino, et al. aimed to evaluate whether treatment with secukinumab inhibits synovitis in patients with active PsA, as measured by PDUS. They found that secukinumab rapidly and significantly decreased synovitis, indicating a direct effect of IL-17 inhibition on the synovium in patients with PsA.
Nat Rev Rheumatol 2020 doi.org/10.1038/s41584-020-0451-zThis review investigates the potential implications of COVID-19 on the field of rheumatology. Common pathways in COVID-19 and RA have provided rationale for the trial of DMARD therapies in treatment of severe COVID-19 infections. Safety considerations of RA patients undergoing immunomodulatory treatments are reviewed. Recommendations suggest that RA patients should continue DMARD treatment, whereas glucocorticoid use could be deleterious in COVID-19 infection and should be considered carefully, ...
JAK Inhibition Increases Bone Mass in Steady state Conditions and Ameliorates Pathological Bone Loss by Stimulating Osteoblast Function
Sci Transl Med 2020;12(530):pii: eaay4447JAKi significantly increased osteoblast function but showed no direct effects on osteoclasts.JAK signalling has emerged as an important therapeutic target for inflammatory disease, and the immunomodulation of JAK inhibition is well defined. Less well understood is the influence of this new class of drugs on bone homeostasis. This is important, as cytokine dysregulation triggers bone loss, and periarticular erosions contribute to the pathogenesis of RA. This study investigated the effect of BARI ...
Structural Damage Progression in Patients with Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated with Methotrexate, Baricitinib, or Baricitinib plus Methotrexate Based on Clinical Response in the Phase 3 RA-BEGIN Study
Clinical Rheumatology 2018;37:2381–90 DOI 10.1007/s10067-018-4221-0Patients with active RA and little or no prior DMARD treatment, who achieved sustained clinical responses, were less likely to show structural damage progression, irrespective of treatment.RA-BEGIN was a 52-week double-blind, multicentre Phase 3 trial, which assessed the safety and efficacy of BARI as monotherapy or in combination with MTX versus MTX monotherapy, in RA patients with no or limited prior DMARDs use.1-4 This post-hoc analysis evaluated the structural damage progression in patients ...
Please click the links below to go to the CSF review of each paper.2017 was a successful year for rheumatoid arthritis research, with some key advances in JAK inhibitors and IL-6 inhibitors, as outlined below. - Tofacitinib was suggested as a potential treatment for psoriatic arthritis, and NICE recommended tofacitinib as a treatment for moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis - Baricitinib studies supported the potential use of baricitinib as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis - Filgotinib Phase 2 studies suggested that filgotinib could be effective a...