Modulation of IL-23 Signalling with Guselkumab in Biologic-Naïve Patients Versus TNF Inhibitor-Inadequate Responders with Active Psoriatic Arthritis
Arthritis Rheumatol 2024 doi 10.1002/art.42803 Epub ahead of print
Guselkumab treatment exhibited generally comparable and significant pharmacodynamic effects on IL-23/Th17–associated cytokines across participants with PsA who are biologic-naïve or have TNFi-IR. In coming to this conclusion, investigators assessed and compared immunologic differences and associations with clinical response to guselkumab in participants with active PsA who were biologic-naïve or TNFi-IR.
Influence of Sex on the Persistence of Different Classes of Targeted Therapies for Psoriatic Arthritis: A Cohort Study of 14 778 Patients from the French Health Insurance Database (SNDS)
RMD Open. 2023;9(4):e003570 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003570
Nationwide study involving 14 778 new users of targeted therapies with PsA found treatment persistence to be lower for women than men for TNFi and IL17i but not for IL-12/23i, IL-23i or JAK inhibition.
Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Disorders on Biologics and Small Molecules: Network Meta-Analysis
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 Oct 9:S1542-3565(23)00767-X doi 10.1016/j.cgh.2023.09.033 Epub ahead of print
The results of this study show that anti-IL-12/23, JAK inhibitors, and anti-TNF-α were associated with slightly higher risk of MACE compared with placebo. The risk was no different between biologic treatments, and the magnitude of risk did not differ between IMID type.
A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 2a Study of Tildrakizumab Efficacy and Safety in Patients with Active Ankylosing Spondylitis
J Clin Rheumatol. 2023;29(5):223–229 doi: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000001973
Phase 2a study assessing the efficacy and safety of tildrakizumab in patients with active AS fails to meet the primary endpoint.
Guselkumab Modulates Differentially Expressed Genes in Blood of Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: Results from Two Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trials
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1002/acr2.11589
Whole blood transcriptome profiling reveals differential gene expression in patients with active PsA from the DISCOVER-1 and DISCOVER-2 clinical studies in comparison with healthy controls.
Improvement in Patient-reported Outcomes and Work Productivity Following 3-year Ustekinumab or Tumour Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Treatment in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: Results from the PsABio Real-world Study
Arthritis Res Ther. 2023 Jun 23;25(1):109. doi: 10.1186/s13075-023-03058-y
Results from the 3-year PsABio study demonstrated that, generally, ustekinumab and TNFi treatment led to an improvement in PROs. In coming to this conclusion, researchers aimed to evaluate the real-world effect of ustekinumab or a TNFi on PRO and their association with effectiveness endpoints in PsA patients over 3 years.
Effect of Body Mass Index on Treatment Response of Biologic/ Targeted-Synthetic DMARDs in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis or Axial Spondyloarthritis. A Systematic Review
Autoimmunity Reviews 22 (2023) 103357
The study demonstrated that obesity is a factor that could play a role in treatment decision-making in people living with inflammatory arthritis (IA). It appears that efficacy of TNFi is affected by patients’ weight/BMI in all forms of IA, while this is not the case for TCZ and ABA in RA, as well for IL-17 and IL-23 inhibitors in PsA.
Association Between Biological Immunotherapy for Psoriasis and Time to Incident Inflammatory Arthritis: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Lancet Rheumatol 2023;5:200–207 doi https://doi.org/10.1016/S2665-9913(23)00034-6
Retrospective cohort study found 15 501 PsO patients in the TriNetX database during January 2014–June 2022 that were prescribed bDMARDS, of which 6.3% developed inflammatory arthritis. 3.5% of all patients in the study specifically developed PsA.
Guselkumab, a Selective Interleukin-23 p19 Subunit Inhibitor, Resolves Dactylitis in Patients With Active Psoriatic Arthritis: Pooled Results Through Week 52 From Two Phase 3 Studies
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023;5(4):227–240 doi 10.1002/acr2.11537
Post hoc analysis of guselkumab, Phase 3 DISCOVER-1 and -2 studies finds that 75% of guselkumab-randomised patients have complete resolution of dactylitis through one year.
Multidomain Efficacy and Safety of Guselkumab Through 1 Year in Patients with Active Psoriatic Arthritis with and Without Prior Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Experience: Analysis of the Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled DISCOVER-1 Study
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.1002/acr2.11523
TNF inhibitors (TNFi) are one main mode of therapy in patients with PsA who fail to respond to csDMARDs. However, they have a primary treatment failure rate of 40% and only a modest target of ≥20% ACR20 response. The objective of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of guselkumab, interleukin-23 inhibitor in the DISCOVER-1 study with active PsA patients by prior use of TNFi.