Modulation of IL-23 Signalling with Guselkumab in Biologic-Naïve Patients Versus TNF Inhibitor-Inadequate Responders with Active Psoriatic Arthritis
Arthritis Rheumatol 2024 doi 10.1002/art.42803 Epub ahead of print
Guselkumab treatment exhibited generally comparable and significant pharmacodynamic effects on IL-23/Th17–associated cytokines across participants with PsA who are biologic-naïve or have TNFi-IR. In coming to this conclusion, investigators assessed and compared immunologic differences and associations with clinical response to guselkumab in participants with active PsA who were biologic-naïve or TNFi-IR.
Influence of Sex on the Persistence of Different Classes of Targeted Therapies for Psoriatic Arthritis: A Cohort Study of 14 778 Patients from the French Health Insurance Database (SNDS)
RMD Open. 2023;9(4):e003570 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003570
Nationwide study involving 14 778 new users of targeted therapies with PsA found treatment persistence to be lower for women than men for TNFi and IL17i but not for IL-12/23i, IL-23i or JAK inhibition.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity and Adverse Events in Patients Receiving Tofacitinib or Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors: A Post Hoc Analysis of ORAL Surveillance
Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis. 2023;15:1759720X231201047 doi: 10.1177/1759720X231201047
Post hoc analysis of ORAL Surveillance data highlights that active disease in RA leads to higher risk of adverse medical events, regardless of medication used.
Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated with Conventional Synthetic, Biologic and Targeted Synthetic Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Drugs: Observational Data from the German RABBIT Register
RMD Open 2023;9:e003489 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003489
This study by Meissner, et al. estimated the effects of JAKi, TNFi, bDMARDs and csDMARDs on the risk of MACE in RA patients. The authors found no significant difference in MACE risk by treatment group, even among patients at increased CV risk.
Tofacitinib Efficacy and Safety in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis by Prior Biologic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug Use: A Post Hoc Analysis
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023;5(12)632–643 doi 10.1002/acr2.11601
In this post hoc analysis by Deoodhar, et al., the authors found that tofacitinib demonstrated greater efficacy than placebo in bDMARD-naïve and TNFi-IR AS patients. They also found that safety event rates for tofacitinib therapy were numerically higher in the TNFi-IR subgroup than the bDMARD-naïve subgroup.
A Real-World Effectiveness Study Using a Mobile Application to Evaluate Early Outcomes with Upadacitinib in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatol Ther. 2023;10(6):1519–1533 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00594-6
This study by Harrold, et al. showed that RA patients initiating upadacitinib reported improvements in RAPID3, pain, stiffness, and fatigue as early as Week 1, with 37.5% achieving RAPID3 LDA at Week 12. TNFi-experienced patients had similar outcomes.
Effect of Body Mass Index on Treatment Response of Biologic/ Targeted-Synthetic DMARDs in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis or Axial Spondyloarthritis. A Systematic Review
Autoimmunity Reviews 22 (2023) 103357
The study demonstrated that obesity is a factor that could play a role in treatment decision-making in people living with inflammatory arthritis (IA). It appears that efficacy of TNFi is affected by patients’ weight/BMI in all forms of IA, while this is not the case for TCZ and ABA in RA, as well for IL-17 and IL-23 inhibitors in PsA.
Ann Rheum Dis. 2023;82(8):1059–1067 doi: 10.1136/ard-2023-224049
The objective of this study was to estimate the association of JAKi with the incidence of malignancy, compared with placebo, TNFi and MTX.
Improvement in Patient-reported Outcomes and Work Productivity Following 3-year Ustekinumab or Tumour Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Treatment in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: Results from the PsABio Real-world Study
Arthritis Res Ther. 2023 Jun 23;25(1):109. doi: 10.1186/s13075-023-03058-y
Results from the 3-year PsABio study demonstrated that, generally, ustekinumab and TNFi treatment led to an improvement in PROs. In coming to this conclusion, researchers aimed to evaluate the real-world effect of ustekinumab or a TNFi on PRO and their association with effectiveness endpoints in PsA patients over 3 years.
When to Start Secukinumab Treatment in Patients with Axial Spondyloarthropathy: Before or After Anti-TNFα Treatment?
Reumatol Clin. 19 (2023); 175–179 doi 10.1016/j.reumae.2022.03.007
Secukinumab, an IL-17A monoclonal antibody, was shown to have remarkable efficacy for axSpA in the MEASURE 2 and MEASURE 3 trials. Previous studies have concluded that secukinumab was more efficacious in TNFi-naïve patients.