The authors highlighted a significantly greater clinical remission rate at Week 52 for vedolizumab SC versus placebo in patients with moderately to severely active CD. This study aimed to report results from VISIBLE 2 which evaluated a new SC vedolizumab formulation as maintenance treatment in adults with moderately to severely active CD.

Guselkumab induced greater clinical and endoscopic improvements in patients with Crohn’s disease versus placebo, with a favourable safety profile in this Phase 2 trial by Sandborn, et al.

Maintenance treatment with risankizumab was associated with an improvement in coprimary endpoints of clinical remission and endoscopic response in patients with Crohn’s disease compared with placebo.

Risankizumab was effective and well tolerated as induction therapy in patients with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease, though there were no significant differences in efficacy between 600mg and 1200mg doses.

Ozanimod as induction therapy and maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis

N Engl J Med 2021;385:1280–91 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2033617

Patients receiving ozanimod displayed a significant improvement in clinical response and all secondary endpoints during both the 10-week induction and 52-week maintenance study periods. Percentage of patients achieving clinical remission at Weeks 10 and 52 was the primary endpoint.

Etrasimod demonstrated significant efficacy in achieving clinical remission, and was well tolerated compared to placebo in an induction and maintenance therapy.

The results of two induction studies (UC1 and UC2) and a maintenance study (UC3) show upadacitinib superiority to placebo in treating ulcerative colitis (UC). Rates of clinical remission were significantly higher for all upadacitinib doses versus placebo in all three studies.

Treatment of patients with UC with filgotinib 200 mg was associated with an increase in clinical remission at Week 10 and Week 58. The proportion of patients with clinical remission at Week 58 was significantly greater in patients who continued FIL 200 mg therapy throughout the trial. The incidence of TEAEs was similar across all treatment groups.

Tofacitinib as induction and maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis

N Engl J Med. 2017 May 4;376(18):1723-1736. DOI 10.1056/NEJMoa1606910

Tofacitinib, at a dose of 10 mg twice daily, was more effective than placebo for induction of remission and mucosal healing in patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis. Furthermore, maintenance therapy with tofacitinib, at a dose of either 5 mg or 10 mg twice daily, was more effective than placebo in sustaining remission and mucosal healing.