April 2024

Real-world experience of IL-17Ai drug survival in a large cohort of axial spondyloarthritis and psoriatic arthritis

Rheumatol Adv Pract 2024;8(1):rkae018 doi: 10.1093/rap/rkae018

This retrospective analysis by Weddell, et al. found no difference in IL-17Ai (secukinumab and ixekizumab) survival rates and no relationship between PsA or axSpA diagnosis and drug survival. They also noted lower survival figures at 2 years of treatment.

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Effects of disease‑modifying anti‑rheumatic drugs on sacroiliac MRI score in axial spondyloarthritis: A systematic review and meta‑analysis

Clin Rheumatol 2024;43(3):1045–1052 doi: 10.1007/s10067-023-06849-5

The results of the meta-analysis show that TNFi, IL-17i, and JAK inhibitor treatments significantly improved sacroiliac joint SPARCC scores in patients with axSpA or AS at Weeks 12–16. However, there were no significant differences in mean improvement between the treatment groups.

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Impact of the time of initiation and line of biologic therapy on the retention rate of secukinumab in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA): Data from the French Multicentre Retrospective FORSYA Study

RMD Open. 2024; 10(1):e003942 DOI 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003942

Patients in France who started secukinumab therapy further from the launch of secukinumab were more likely to receive it as a first- or second-line therapy than patients who started treatment shortly after its launch, and had a higher retention rate when used as a first line treatment.

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January 2024

Implementation of Regulatory Guidance for JAK Inhibitors Use in Patients with Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases: An International Appropriateness Study

Autoimmun Rev. 2023;23(3):103504 doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2023.103504 Epub ahead of print

In this two-round modified RAM study by Solitano, et al., the authors found that experts preferred to assess JAK inhibitor risk on a case-by-case basis across all specialties. Uncertainty remained on several clinical scenarios regarding the appropriate use of JAK inhibitors, however they remain an important therapy option for the treatment of IMIDs  and were deemed appropriate for patients with moderate risk profiles.

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The Effect of Two Years of Secukinumab Treatment on Bone Metabolism in Patients with Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis: Results from Daily Clinical Practice

Biologics 2023;17:161–166 doi: 10.2147/BTT.S434318

Siderius, et al. found that secukinumab was associated with low spinal radiographic progression. Furthermore, bone-related outcomes and BTMs related to collagen resorption (sCTX, PINP) remained constant during the 2-year period, whereas the BTM related to mineralisation (BALP) decreased significantly.

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December 2023

Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Bimekizumab in Axial Spondyloarthritis: A Systematic Literature Review and Network Meta-analysis

Rheumatology (Oxford). 2023 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kead598 Epub ahead of print

This systematic literature review and network meta-analysis provides evidence for bimekizumab being an efficacious option in the management of both b/tsDMARD-naïve and experienced patients across the axSpA spectrum, with similar safety and tolerability to existing treatments.

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Patient Clusters Identified by Machine Learning from a Pooled Analysis of the Clinical Development Programme of Secukinumab in Psoriatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis and Psoriatic Arthritis with Axial Manifestations

Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/b8co74 Epub ahead of print

Psoriatic arthritis clusters, obtained by machine learning (ML) analysis of pooled data from the FUTURE, MEASURE, and MAXIMISE trials, indicate phenotypical heterogeneity of patients with PsA and axial manifestations and overlapping features across the spondyloarthritis spectrum. Here, Baraliakos, et al. sort to identify distinct clinical clusters, based on patient demographics and baseline clinical indicators, from the secukinumab clinical development programme.

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MACE and VTE across Upadacitinib Clinical Trial Programmes in Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis

RMD Open 2023; 9(4):e003392 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003392

Rates of MACE and VTE events in patients with RA or PsA treated are consistent across 15 mg and 30 mg doses of upadacitinib, and comparable with active comparators adalimumab and MTX. Several risk factors were also identified for MACE and VTE events in patients with RA.

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Malignancy in the Upadacitinib Clinical Trials for Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, and Non-radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis

Rheumatol Ther 2023;11(1):97–112 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00621-6

Rates of malignancy were similar between upadacitinib, adalimumab, and MTX. They were also consistent across RA, PsA, AS and nr-axSpA. A dose-dependent increased rate of NMSC was observed with upadacitinib in RA. For RA and PsA, being older (≥65 years) and male was associated with
an increased risk of malignancy excluding NMSC.

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November 2023

Global, Regional, and National Burden of Other Musculoskeletal Disorders, 1990–2020, and Projections to 2050: A Systematic Analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2021

Lancet Rheumatol 2023;5:e670–82 doi 10.1016/S2665-9913(23)00232-1

As part of the GBD 2021, the authors provide updated estimates for the global burden of musculoskeletal disorders, excluding RA, osteoarthritis, low back pain, neck pain, and gout. In 2020, the total years lived with disability globally was estimated to be 42.7 million, which was a 122% increase from 1990. Over the same time period, mortality increased by 199%. The study forecasts an increase in cases by 2050 in all regions, with the exception of Central Europe.

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