Patient Clusters Identified by Machine Learning from a Pooled Analysis of the Clinical Development Programme of Secukinumab in Psoriatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis and Psoriatic Arthritis with Axial Manifestations
Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2023 doi: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/b8co74 Epub ahead of print
Psoriatic arthritis clusters, obtained by machine learning (ML) analysis of pooled data from the FUTURE, MEASURE, and MAXIMISE trials, indicate phenotypical heterogeneity of patients with PsA and axial manifestations and overlapping features across the spondyloarthritis spectrum. Here, Baraliakos, et al. sort to identify distinct clinical clusters, based on patient demographics and baseline clinical indicators, from the secukinumab clinical development programme.
Bimekizumab Treatment in Patients With Active Axial Spondyloarthritis: 52-week Efficacy and Safety from the Randomised Parallel Phase 3 BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2 Studies
Ann Rheum Dis. 2023;83(2):199–213 doi 10.1136/ard-2023-224803
Baraliakos, et al. present data from two Phase 3 studies, BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2, that investigated the clinical efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in axSpA patients. They found that bimekizumab had sustained and consistent efficacy in patients with nr-axSpA and r-axSpA.
Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis Refractory to Biologic Therapy: 1-year Results From the Open-label Extension of a Phase III Study
Arthritis Res Ther 2023; 2023;18;25(1):172 doi 10.1186/s13075-023-03128-1
The efficacy and safety of updacitinib in bDMARD-IR patients with AS were sustained through to one year in an open-label extension of the SELECT-AXIS 2 study.
Treatment with Upadacitinib in Active Psoriatic Arthritis: Efficacy and Safety Data of the First 192 Patients from the UPJOINT Study, a Multicentre, Observational Study in Clinical Practice
Rheumatol Ther. 2023;10(6):1503–1508 doi: 10.1007/s40744-023-00589-3
In the UPJOINT open label study, the proportion of patients with PsA, and an inadequate response to csDMARDs or bDMARDs, who achieved minimal disease activity with upadacitinib was in line with the results of previous studies at 24 weeks. No new safety signals were identified.
Differential Properties of Janus Kinase Inhibitors in the Treatment of Immune-mediated Inflammatory Diseases
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2023;63(2):298–308 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead448
JAKis differ in structure, which affects their inhibitory concentration for different JAKs.
This review by Taylor, et al. compares the pharmacological profiles of JAKis, including abrocitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, peficitinib, tofacitinib, and upadacitinib.
Do Fatty Lesions Explain the Effect of Inflammation on New Syndesmophytes in Patients with Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis? Results From the SIAS Cohort and ASSERT Trial
RMD Open. 2023 9(3):e003118 doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003118
This study concluded that, in r-axSpA, vertebral corner inflammation may lead to syndesmophyte formation but in a minority of cases via visible fat deposition. Here, investigators aimed to determine how much of the effect of vertebral corner inflammation on the development of syndesmophytes is explained by vertebral corner fat deposition.
Effect of Upadacitinib on Disease Activity, Pain, Fatigue, Function, Health-Related Quality of Life and Work Productivity for Biologic Refractory Ankylosing Spondylitis
Rheumatol Ther 2023; 10:679–91 doi 10.1007/s40744-023-00536-2
Upadacitinib significantly improved patient-reported outcomes in AxSpA patients with bDMARD-IR after 14 Weeks of treatment. There were notable improvements in disease activity, pain, fatigue, function, HRQoL, and work productivity.
Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib in Patients with Active Psoriatic Arthritis and Axial Involvement: Results From Two Phase 3 Studies
Arthritis Res Ther. 2023;25(1):56 doi 10.1186/s13075-023-03027-5
Evidence from two phase 3 RCTs showed that patients with PsA and axial involvement had greater responses when treated with a once-daily oral dose of 15 mg upadacitinib versus placebo, and a similar or greater response versus adalimumab. Safety results were comparable between patients with or without axial involvement.
Efficacy and Safety of Bimekizumab in Axial Spondyloarthritis: Results of Two Parallel Phase 3 Randomised Controlled Trials
Ann Rheum Dis. 2023 Jan 17 doi: 10.1136/ard-2022-223595
Bimekizumab may therefore offer patients with axSpA an effective treatment option with a novel mode of action.
Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2023 doi: 10.1080/14712598.2022.2156283
This review aimed to discuss the emerging agents for the treatment of axSpA.