Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Bimekizumab in Axial Spondyloarthritis: A Systematic Literature Review and Network Meta-analysis
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2023 doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kead598 Epub ahead of print
This systematic literature review and network meta-analysis provides evidence for bimekizumab being an efficacious option in the management of both b/tsDMARD-naïve and experienced patients across the axSpA spectrum, with similar safety and tolerability to existing treatments.
Real-world Comparative Study of the Efficacy of Janus Kinase Inhibitors in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: The ANSWER Cohort Study
Rheumatology 2023 doi 10.1093/rheumatology/kead543
This multicentre, retrospective study by Hayashi, et al. found no significant differences in efficacy and safety between tofacitinib, baricitinib, peficitinib and upadacitinib in patients with RA. Predictive factors for resistance to LDA achievement included baseline CRP and CDAI for tofacitinib and baseline glucocorticoid dose, baseline CDAI and number of previous b/tsDMARDs for baricitinib.
MACE and VTE across Upadacitinib Clinical Trial Programmes in Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis
RMD Open 2023; 9(4):e003392 doi 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003392
Rates of MACE and VTE events in patients with RA or PsA treated are consistent across 15 mg and 30 mg doses of upadacitinib, and comparable with active comparators adalimumab and MTX. Several risk factors were also identified for MACE and VTE events in patients with RA.
Sex-related Differences in Patient Characteristics, and Efficacy and Safety of Advanced Therapies in Randomised Clinical Trials in Psoriatic Arthritis: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis
Lancet Rheumatol 2023;5:e716–27
In this study, Eder, et al. performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of RCTs to assess information on participants’ characteristics and rates of American College of Rheumatology response and minimal disease activity by sex. The authors found that the biological sex of patients with PsA influences their response to advanced therapies, but the effect varies by drug class.
Tofacitinib Efficacy and Safety in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis by Prior Biologic Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug Use: A Post Hoc Analysis
ACR Open Rheumatol. 2023;5(12)632–643 doi 10.1002/acr2.11601
In this post hoc analysis by Deoodhar, et al., the authors found that tofacitinib demonstrated greater efficacy than placebo in bDMARD-naïve and TNFi-IR AS patients. They also found that safety event rates for tofacitinib therapy were numerically higher in the TNFi-IR subgroup than the bDMARD-naïve subgroup.
Bimekizumab Treatment in Patients With Active Axial Spondyloarthritis: 52-week Efficacy and Safety from the Randomised Parallel Phase 3 BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2 Studies
Ann Rheum Dis. 2023;83(2):199–213 doi 10.1136/ard-2023-224803
Baraliakos, et al. present data from two Phase 3 studies, BE MOBILE 1 and BE MOBILE 2, that investigated the clinical efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in axSpA patients. They found that bimekizumab had sustained and consistent efficacy in patients with nr-axSpA and r-axSpA.
Long-term Safety of Guselkumab in Patients with Psoriatic Disease: An Integrated Analysis of Eleven Phase II/III Clinical Studies in Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis
Drug Saf 2023;47(1)39–57 doi:10.1007/s40264-023-01361-w
Data gathered from 11 phase 2 and phase 3 trials have shown that guselkumab has a favourable safety profile in treating psoriatic disease. The data were gathered from 4399 patients over 10787 patient years. In the placebo-controlled periods, guselkumab showed a similar safety profile to placebo, and this remained consistent and stable in the non-placebo controlled preiods.
Anti-GM-CSF Otilimab Versus Tofacitinib or Placebo in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis and an Inadequate Response to Conventional or Biologic DMARDs: Two Phase 3 Randomised Trials (contRAst 1 and contRAst 2)
Ann Rheum Dis 2023;0:1–11 doi 10.1136/ard-2023-224482
Fleischmann, et al investigated the safety and efficacy of otilimab versus tofacitinib and placebo in RA patients treated with MTX (contRAst 1) or csDMARDs (contRAst 2). They found that while otilimab achieved the primary endpoint of ACR20 versus placebo in Week 12, it did not demonstrate non-inferiority to tofacitinib.
Bimekizumab Treatment in Biologic DMARD-Naïve Patients with Active Psoriatic Arthritis: 52-Week Efficacy and Safety Results from the Phase III, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Active Reference BE OPTIMAL Study
Ann Rheum Dis. 2023;82(11):1404–1414 doi: 10.1136/ard-2023-224431
Data from this phase 3 RCT demonstrated that the efficacy of bimekizumab observed at 16 weeks remained consistent through to 52 weeks in the treatment of bDMARD-naïve patients with PsA. Patients who started the trial on placebo and switched to bimekizumab at week 16 showed similar improvements to those patients who were randomised to receive bimekizumab at the start of the trail. No new safety signals were identified.
Treatment with Upadacitinib in Active Psoriatic Arthritis: Efficacy and Safety Data of the First 192 Patients from the UPJOINT Study, a Multicentre, Observational Study in Clinical Practice
Rheumatol Ther. 2023;10(6):1503–1508 doi: 10.1007/s40744-023-00589-3
In the UPJOINT open label study, the proportion of patients with PsA, and an inadequate response to csDMARDs or bDMARDs, who achieved minimal disease activity with upadacitinib was in line with the results of previous studies at 24 weeks. No new safety signals were identified.