More RA patients on upadacitinib versus adalimumab achieved clinical remission, LDA, and DAS28 (CRP) <2.6. Radiographic progression was less with continuous upadacitinib versus continuous adalimumab. Upadacitinib showed similar safety to adalimumab, with higher incidences of HZ, lymphopenia, CPK elevation, hepatic disorder and nonmelanoma skin cancer.

June 2024

The 1-year results of the SELECT-AXIS 2 study showed significant improvements in ASAS40 achievement in patients with nr-axSpA that were treated with upadacitinib 15mg QD versus placebo. Improvements in ASDAS endpoints, back pain, BASFI, and hsCRP from baseline were also observed.

May 2024

Crude gastrointestinal perforation (GIP) incidence rate was higher for the JAKi group compared with those receiving adalimumab, however rates of GIP did not differ between JAKi and adalimumab groups in the weighted and adjusted model. Hoisnard et al compared the risk of GIP in patients initiating treatment with JAKis or adalimumab among real-world patients with rheumatic disease.

The 5-year benefit-risk profile for upadacitinib in RA remains favourable, with clinical outcomes improved or maintained through Week 260. No new safety findings were identified during the LTE. Results remained consistent with earlier analyses of SELECT-NEXT.

Upadacitinib Induction and Maintenance Therapy for Crohn’s Disease

N Engl J Med 2023; 388:1966–1980 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2212728

Upadacitinib was associated with higher percentages of remission and endoscopic response regardless of previous failure of biologic therapy. This paper reports the Phase 3 efficacy and safety results of upadacitinib in patients with moderate-to-severe Crohn’s disease.

The results of two induction studies (UC1 and UC2) and a maintenance study (UC3) show upadacitinib superiority to placebo in treating ulcerative colitis (UC). Rates of clinical remission were significantly higher for all upadacitinib doses versus placebo in all three studies.

April 2024

Fleischmann, et al. found that patients who switched from adalimumab to upadacitinib and vice versa following lack of improvement showed improvements in disease activity measures and functional outcomes through 228 weeks.

February 2024

Efficacy and safety of JAK inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis: update for the practising clinician

Nat Rev Rheumatol 2024;20(2):101–115 DOI: 10.1038/s41584-023-01062-9

The observed benefit:risk ratio strongly favours JAKi use in the majority of patients, and HCPs should consider and adhere to guidance on high-risk patients where applicable. Szekanecz et al summarised the safety and efficacy of approved JAKis tofacitinib, baricitinib, upadacitinib, and filgotinib to aid in clinical decision making.

Charles-Schoeman, et al. carried out a descriptive integrated analysis on patients with RA that were treated in the SELECT programme, with up to 6.5 years of exposure. They concluded that upadacitinib 15 mg QD had an acceptable safety profile, but long-term upadacitinib treatment was associated with dose-dependent laboratory abnormalities.

December 2023

This multicentre, retrospective study by Hayashi, et al. found no significant differences in efficacy and safety between tofacitinib, baricitinib, peficitinib and upadacitinib in patients with RA. Predictive factors for resistance to LDA achievement included baseline CRP and CDAI for tofacitinib and baseline glucocorticoid dose, baseline CDAI and number of previous b/tsDMARDs for baricitinib.